Like many other corners of finance, retirement operations contain terminology that is not common elsewhere. One of the most common terms in repo space is “leg.” There are different types of legs: for example, the part of the retirement activity that originally sells security is sometimes called “starting leg,” while the subsequent buyback is the “close leg.” These terms are sometimes replaced by “Near Leg” or “Far Leg.” Near a repo transaction, security is sold. In a repo, the investor/lender provides cash to a borrower, the loan being secured by the borrower`s collateral, usually bonds. If the borrower becomes insolvent, the guarantee is granted to the investor/lender. Investors are generally financial enterprises such as money funds, while borrowers are non-intrusive financial institutions, such as investment banks and hedge funds. The investor/lender calculates an interest rate called “pension rate” $X the granting of loans and recovers a higher amount $Y. In addition, the investor/lender may demand guarantees that require a value greater than the amount he lends. This difference is the “haircut.” These concepts are illustrated in the diagram and in the equations section. If investors are at greater risk, they may charge higher pension interest rates and demand higher reductions. A third party may be involved to facilitate the transaction; In this case, the transaction is called a “tri-party deposit.”  Treasury or Treasury bonds, corporate and treasury bonds, government bonds and equities can all be used as “guarantees” in a repo transaction. However, unlike a secured loan, the right to securities is transferred from the seller to the buyer. Coupons (interest payable to the owner of the securities) that mature while the pension buyer owns the securities are usually passed directly on the seller of securities.
This may seem counter-intuitive, given that the legal ownership of the guarantees during the pension agreement belongs to the purchaser. Rather, the agreement could provide that the buyer will receive the coupon, with the money to be paid in the event of a buyback being adjusted as compensation, although this is rather typical of the sale/buyback. There are mechanisms built into the possibility of buyback agreements to reduce this risk. For example, many depots are over-secure. In many cases, a margin call may take effect to ask the borrower to change the securities offered when the security loses value. In situations where the value of the guarantee is likely to increase and the creditor cannot resell it to the borrower, subsecured protection can be used to reduce risk. Because triparti agents manage the equivalent of hundreds of billions of dollars in global security, they have the scale to subscribe to multiple data streams to maximize the coverage universe. As part of a tripartite agreement, the three parties to the agreement, tripartite representatives, collateral/cash suppliers (“CAP”) buyers and repo sellers (“COP”) agree on a protection management agreement, including a “legitimate collateral profile.” Deposits with a specified maturity date (usually the next day or the following week) are long-term repurchase contracts.